Port Elizabeth is the largest city in the Eastern Cape Province, it is known as ‘The Windy City’ or the ‘Friendly City’. One of the countries largest seaports, the city was originally founded as a settlement for British emigrants. The area was previously inhabited by the San and the Xhosa. The city now forms part of the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality, which includes Uitenhage and Despatch.
During the late 1700’s and early 1800’s there was great conflict between the European settlers and the Xhosa people in the Eastern Cape that came to be called the Cape Frontier Wars, this was a direct results of competition for the prime farming and grazing lands of the area. In 1820 a group of some 4000 British settlers landed at Algoa Bay, this was part of a plan by the Acting Governor of the Cape Colony, Rufane Shaw Donkin, to strengthen the European presence in the Eastern Cape. It was then that Port Elizabeth was officially founded and named after Donkin’s wife, Elizabeth.